And the best way to be[br]rational in this way is to form beliefs only when you find good reasons for them.Okay, that leads us to[br]our second question: What is an argument?Well, an argument is a set[br]of statements that together comprise a reason for a further statement.
And the best way to be[br]rational in this way is to form beliefs only when you find good reasons for them.Okay, that leads us to[br]our second question: What is an argument?
Rather, here, what it is to[br]say that a reason is good is closely tied to the notion of truth.
So a good reason for a belief is one that makes it probable, that is, it's one that makes the belief likely to be true.
So, for example, if you found out that your friend was[br]the person who decided who was going to be invited to the party, then the fact that she can't stand Monty and wants to have a good time would give you a good reason to believe that Monty won't be at the party, because it would give you reason to believe that she didn't invite him. Those two premises[br]considered in themselves give you no reason to believe that Monty won't be at the party.
Okay, our last topic is to distinguish two different types of arguments.
And when you notice things like that, when you distinguish between good and bad reasons for believing something, you're exercising your[br]critical thinking skills.
Youtube Critical Thinking
So critical thinking is making sure we have good reasons for our beliefs, and so one of the essential[br]skills that you learn when you're studying[br]critical thinking is how to distinguish good reasons[br]for believing something from bad reasons for believing something.
In that case, we say that the argument supports the conclusion.
Good arguments support their conclusions, and bad arguments don't[br]support their conclusions.
The second reason,[br]though, is a good reason to believe that Monty[br]won't be at the party.
If he's really shy and[br]rarely goes to parties, then it's probable that he[br]won't be at tonight's party.