Social Stratification Essay

Social Stratification Essay-25
Different systems of social stratification characterise different societies.In all societies, social relations are definitely and very largely influenced, rather determined by the nature of social stratification.

Also celebrities and aristocratic members have social prestige.

Economic standards put the individuals in different classes.

—Raymond Murray(v) “Social Stratification means the differentiation of a given population into hierarchically superposed classes.

It is manifested in the existence of upper and lower social layers.” —Sorokin(vi) “Social Stratification is the division of society into permanent groups of categories linked with each other by the relationship of superiority and subordination. In simple words, we can say that social stratification is the phenomena which lead to the emergence of several hierarchically placed classes in each society To sum up, we can say that by Social Stratification the people get hierarchically organized and placed into several groups on the basis of their positions or statuses and roles in society.

It means an established system of classifying groups involving a horizontal division of society into ‘higher’ and ‘lower’ social status.

The system of social stratification not only bestows prestige and privileges among the groups and elites but also restricts opportunities available to the people.

Social Stratification is a system of structured roles and statuses which rates and ranks members of a society based on select criteria and limits access to wealth, power, privileges and opportunities.

However, it must be clearly understood that social stratification does not mean the classification individuals on the basis of their qualities.

As such, it involves a system of providing inequality among the groups and their members.

However, it is not a haphazard system of inequality; it is source of systematic and structured inequality, a hierarchy of social classes and their roles and statuses.


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