But this defamation does not give a human shape to the robot. The Robot Institute of America has given a very interesting definition on an Industrial robot. “An Industrial robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move materials, parts, tools or special devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks”. This characteristic distinguishes it from a fixed automation.
A fixed automation is designed to do one and only one specific task.
This relieves the human beings from doing such hazardous tasks.
(4) Fire fighting and mining: Robots can perform hazardous works like fire fighting to extinguish the fire and in mining operations.
For example, a robot that is designed to play ping pong will really move like a ping pong player, compared to a robot that is just used for plain surgical operations.
‘Robot’ is also a word that refers to the sum of all the groups of robots, comprised of the physical robots and the virtual robots (as in software). However, many experts of technology and Science have agreed that for a robot to be called such, it must exhibit at least one intelligent movement.Hence robotics involves a scientific study of robots.The study includes design, selections of materials of proper quality for the components, fabrication, study of various motors required for moving the components, design of electronic circuits, computers and computer programming and control of robots.However, a robot can be reprogrammed to perform even when specifications are changed drastically.The original programme is simply erased and the new programme takes care of the changed tasks.(2) Agriculture: In agriculture, robots are now successfully utilized for fruit picking, potato digging etc.(3) Nuclear energy: Handling of radioactive substances in a nuclear power station is an important work done by robots.Human vs Robot It is not difficult to tell that something or someone is human, and not a robot, or vice versa.The only confusion will come when robots are made or dressed to look like real humans. It is often, or almost always, automatic, which means that it is able to perform activities on its own without the aid of external variables, like humans.The dictionary meaning of robot is a mechanical man or a more than humanly efficient automation.It is an automatic apparatus or device that performs functions ascribed to human beings or operates with what appears to be almost human intelligence.