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Alexander, famous in history as Alexander the Great, was the son of Philip of Macedon.
One of the world’s greatest military generals, he created a vast empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of India.
This allowed for Hellenistic culture to become widespread.
From his early youth, Alexander received a good military training and showed his genius as a born soldier.
When Philip was fighting his famous battle of Chaeronea to conquer Greece, the 18 year old Alexander assisted his father as the commander of the cavalry force and amazed the army by daring acts of heroism.
At the same time, his education made him enlightened and cultured.
He was a curious mixture of bad and good qualities, vices and virtues.When the Greek city states on the mainland of Greece were fighting among themselves and heading towards decline, Macedon became very powerful under a remarkable warrior named Philip. Each soldier covered his body by holding a huge shield in his left hand. As the Phalanx advanced in that shape, their bodies were protected by shields from the enemy arrows, while then- long spears pierced the bodies of the enemies when they advanced to fight.On either side of the marching Phalanx, there were soldiers on horseback to attack the enemy.The Macedonian soldiers since then regarded the young hero as a rare general and became devoted to him as their future leader.His energy, tact, courage and ability, as well as thirst for battles proved his worth as a prospective conqueror.The Macedonian Phalanx presented an advanced art of warfare in Western military system.Taking advantage of the weakness of the Greek city states, Philip of Macedon invaded them and destroyed their freedom.It was from that great teacher that Alexander got the vision of a wider world, a desire for knowing many subjects, and for discovering new things for sake of knowledge.Temperamentally, Alexander was proud, haughty, cruel revengeful and emotional.In his romantic dream, he hoped of becoming a hero like the mythical Achilles.When Alexander was only 13, his father appointed the famous Greek philosopher Aristotle as the tutor of the young prince.