The first part of this knowledge package, "Role of Countries in Climate Negotiations" (POLIMP, 2015) presented an overview of the multilevel interaction of government stakeholders in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).The knowledge package below aims at providing a map of the size, coordination and influence of the non-governmental organisations involved as observers in the UNFCCC negotiations.The RINGO constituency7, which represents the research community and other independent organisations, seeks to inform the Parties of the availability of a large body of research, which can support the formulation of evidence-based policies.Tags: Introduction Of EssayNhs Example EssayEnglish Essay LearningHomework ProcrastinationGroup Decision-Making EssaysEasy Way To Write A Literature ReviewLicence To AssignSolving Ideal Gas Law Problems
For ENGOs, which has the largest number of members, fragmentation of opinions led to a split into two main groups, represented by two different focal points, CAN and CJN! Divisions may arise for example out of the divergent positions on the paths to take towards decarbonisation, on the kind of actions desired by individual NGOs, or between NGOs from industrialised and developing countries on the key issue of 'common but differentiated responsibilities'.
The membership of NGO constituencies has risen considerably, with an ever-increasing number of organisations being granted observer status since 1 in Berlin in 1995, as shown in Figure 5.1.
This illustrates the growing importance of the negotiations for external stakeholders, who seek either to influence their outcomes, or to get first-hand information about their progress.
While remaining neutral, its informative contents have helped keeping track of the ongoing negotiating process.
Within the ENGO constituency, Gulbrandsen and Andresen (2004)13 point out a few advisory environmental NGOs, whose work has influenced the negotiations positively, such as for example the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development (FIELD).