The unique, non-Western Turkish case study also presents a rather unorthodox showcase of mixed practices across different classes, challenging the notion that class alone can account for differences in social practices.Focusing on lived experiences and evident tensions in social practice, the thesis argues that social positions are a highly fluid matter.
When was it that people first had the sense of living in new and different times— Modern Times?
Charlie Chaplin’s famous 1936 film of that name suggests one answer, but scholars have different view of the beginning of modernity.
Although peace and prosperity had begun to be achieved at the end of the century, even this was soon threatened by a capitalist world revolution that even now is fundamentally transforming the world economic landscape.
It's been a bumpy ride, and it's not over yet, as the hopes and sorrows of the past continue to inform our world today.
Unprecedented scientific achievements revolutionized our understanding of the world, and the universe.
Industrial manufacturing created the possibility of unlimited plenty.For related coursework in Approaches to Modernity, students may look to offerings in the doctoral programs in English, Comparative Literature, and History.This collection of five essays by Germany’s most prominent and influential social thinker both links Luhmann’s social theory to the question “What is modern about modernity? In the introductory essay, “Modernity in Contemporary Society,” Luhmann develops the thesis that the modern epistemological situation can be seen as the consequence of a radical change in social macrostructures that he calls “social differentiation,” thereby designating the juxtaposition of and interaction between a growing number of social subsystems without any hierarchical structure.It is a lesson that can be learned in MALS 70700 The Shaping of Modernity, 1789-1914.MALS 70800 Transformations of Modernity, 1914-present The twentieth century was a time of contradictions.Rather, the thesis explores the contradictory positionings that characterize everyday lives of individuals in Turkey (more specifically Istanbul), which can manifest themselves clearly in their food cultures.Food facilitates a unique insight into the active making and remaking of cultural distinctions and identity, since food is about sociality, practice and organization, formality and commensality; and as this thesis will also argue, it also extends to notions of cosmopolitanism, modernity, tradition and authenticity.Bringing these interconnected elements together, the thesis is interested in deciphering the mechanisms behind the construction of taste in Turkey and the making of social identities in an ever-changing society.In this regard, the thesis works within the ambit of Bourdieusian theories of culture and aims to present an innovative mode of approaching taste and identity that goes beyond the more conventional static ordering and stratification of culture.Unfettered by the restraints of traditional beliefs, there was a new appreciation of the limitless potential of human beings to achieve the utopian dreams of previous generations. New ideologies - Communism, Fascism, Nazism - that promised new worlds won the fanatical support of millions.By mid century, an era of mass consumerism and mass entertainment had been punctuated with two world wars and mass murder.