We may learn that jobs and relationships become unbearable if we receive no respect in them; in certain social milieus we may learn the price of disrespect if we violate the street law: “Diss me, and you die.” Calls to respect this or that are increasingly part of public life: environmentalists exhort us to respect nature, foes of abortion and capital punishment insist on respect for human life, members of racial and ethnic minorities and those discriminated against because of their gender, sexual orientation, age, religious beliefs, or economic status demand respect both as social and moral equals and for their cultural differences.
And it is widely acknowledged that public debates about such demands should take place under terms of mutual respect.
(3) What are the bases or grounds for respect, i.e., the features of or facts about objects in virtue of which it is reasonable and perhaps obligatory to respect them?
(4) What ways of acting and forbearing to act express or constitute or are regulated by respect?
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Content Header .feed_item_answer_user.js-wf-loaded . For example, answers concerning one kind of respect can diverge significantly from those about another kind.Much philosophical work has gone into explicating differences and links among the various kinds.Although honor, esteem, and prudential regard played important roles in moral and political theories before him, Kant was the first major Western philosopher to put respect for persons, including oneself as a person, at the very center of moral theory, and his insistence that persons are ends in themselves with an absolute dignity who must always be respected has become a core ideal of modern humanism and political liberalism.In recent years many people have argued that moral respect ought also to be extended to things other than persons, such as nonhuman living things and the natural environment.The concepts are also invoked in bioethics, environmental ethics, business ethics, workplace ethics, and a host of other applied ethics contexts.Although a wide variety of things are said to deserve respect, contemporary philosophical interest in respect has overwhelmingly been focused on respect for persons, the idea that all persons should be treated with respect simply because they are persons.(d) What beliefs, attitudes, emotions, motives, and conduct does respect involve, and with what is it incompatible?(2) What are the appropriate objects of respect, i.e., the sorts of things that can be reasonably said to warrant respect?Before looking at differences, however, it is useful first to note some elements common among varieties.An attitude of respect is, most generally, a relation between a subject and an object in which the subject responds to the object from a certain perspective in some appropriate way.