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Both aerosols and greenhouse gasses result in the altering of solar radiation and infrared radiation.This, in turn, distorts the energy balance of the Earth, thus leading to excess heating or cooling of the planet.
Studies by IPCC state that if the present trends of consuming fossil fuels continue, by 2100, the surface of the Earth will become warmer by 11 Fahrenheit.
It is difficult to predict how most ecosystems will respond to extreme warming, but the results can be assumed to be catastrophic.
Underwater species also face a huge risk due to climate change.
This is especially true for the species that are sensitive to warm temperatures.
Water sources might become scanty and this will affect all species on the planet.
It’s important to study how different species will be affected by global warming.It is not difficult to foresee several ecological problems looming ahead if the current trends continue.While the average land temperature has risen, it has resulted in the melting of polar ice caps.Most studies are focused on higher organizational levels and for very few species.Climate change resulted in a phenological shift in flowering plants along with insect pollinators which creates a mismatch between the plant and its pollinator population.It is important to predict the response of biodiversity to such rapidly changing temperatures.With the help of accurate predictions, scientists can assess potential risks and take measures to avoid any negative consequences.Biodiversity response Because of the climate change, species might not be able to adapt to the new environmental conditions and might fall outside its climatic niche.There should be an equally adaptive response by the species and individuals in order to survive.Human activity and climate change Several human activities have a large impact on climate change as they cause a change in the atmosphere of the Earth by increasing greenhouse gasses.Some contributors are the burning of fossil fuels and the use of aerosols.