“These maladaptive thought patterns are also known as negative or maladaptive schemas, or core beliefs.Core beliefs are fundamental assumptions people have made that influence how they view the world and themselves.” As people think in a given way for prolonged time, these thoughts become habits and people stop questioning them as they become part of life.
From this situation, a psychologist monitors one’s thoughts, emotions, feelings, and actions.
After this identification, the therapist helps the patient to come up with positive thoughts that would enable him/her view the depressing situation from a positive perspective.
With time, people accept these core values as realities for they govern their life.
Because these core behaviours are only perceptions, not necessarily reality, CBT seeks to fix them and change them from negative thoughts to positive thoughts.
Instead of dealing or addressing the causes of depression, CBT concerns itself with coming up with ways that would address depression here and now.
It is only concerned with finding solutions to the present state of depression.
CBT works on the principle that positive thoughts and behaviour heralds positive moods and this is something that can be learned; therefore, by learning to think and behave positively, someone may substitute negative thoughts with positive ones and do away with depression.
As aforementioned, depression is a product of maladaptive practices and dysfunctional thoughts arising from the way someone views a situation.
Cognitive therapy also teaches people how certain thinking patterns are causing their symptoms.
This is accomplished by giving people a distorted picture of what's going on in their life and making them feel anxious, depressed or angry for no good reason.(Francis, 2000) When people are in behavior therapy and cognitive therapy, it provides them with various tools for stopping their symptoms and getting their life on a more satisfying track.