Antigonus remained in charge of Asia to death and capturing the boy king Alexander IV, and his mother. The third war of the Diadochi broke out because of the growing power and ambition of Antigonus.
In Asia, Eumenes was betrayed by his own men after years of campaign and was given up to Antigonus who had him executed. He began removing and appointing satraps as if he were king and also raided the royal treasuries in Ecbatana, Persepolis and Susa, making off with 25,000 talents. Seleucus was forced to flee to Egypt for several centuries.
Succeeding his father, Alexander took over the Persian war himself.
During a decade of campaigning, Alexander conquered the whole Persian Empire, overthrowing the Persian king Darius III.
Hellenism, have been widely used in various contexts; a notable such use is in Culture and Anarchy by Matthew Arnold, where Hellenism is used in contrast with Hebraism. The major issue with the term Hellenistic also implies that the Greek populations were of majority in the areas in which they settled, but in many cases, the Greek settlers were actually the minority among the native populations.
The Greek population and the native population did not always mix; the Greeks moved and brought their own culture, but interaction did not always occur. Walbank, and Christian Habicht (revisers), Polybius. The histories, 4 vols, Loeb Classical Library 128, 137, 138, 159, 2nd ed., Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2010–2011. Online resource|format=plainlist|template=Show publication in list|named args=yes|userparam=Historiae (Polybius)|link=none|valuesep=;|intro= page url: https:// redirect: https:// Redirect/page/10947 page ID: 10947 page ID tracker: https://However, Macedon had a relatively strong and centralised government, and compared to most Greek states, directly controlled a large area.Philip II was a strong and expansionist king and he took every opportunity to expand Macedonian territory. In 338 BC, Philip defeated a combined Theban and Athenian army at the Battle of Chaeronea after a decade of desultory conflict.In the field of philosophy, Diogenes Laertius' Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers period.BackgroundAlexander fighting the Persian king Darius III.Hellenistic culture thus represents a fusion of the Ancient Greek world with that of the Near East, Middle East, and Southwest Asia. This mixture gave rise to a common Attic-based Greek dialect, known as Koine Middle East6.1 Ptolemaic Kingdom 6.2 Seleucid Empire 6.3 Attalid Pergamum 6.4 Galatia 6.5 Bithynia 6.6 Cappadocia 6.7 Kingdom of Pontus 6.8 Armenia 6.9 Parthia 6.10 Nabatean Kingdom 6.11 Judea7 Greco-Bactrians 8 Indo-Greek period and modern culture 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links Etymology See also: Names of the Greeks The word originated from the German term hellenistisch, from Ancient Greek Ἑλληνιστής (Hellēnistḗs, "one who uses the Greek language"), from Ἑλλάς (Hellás, "Greece"); as if "Hellenist" "ic".Left image: The Sampul tapestry, a woolen wall hanging from Lop County, Xinjiang, China, showing a possibly Greek soldier from the Greco-Bactrian kingdom period did not exist in Ancient Greece. Hellenist (Ancient Greek: Ἑλληνιστής, Hellēnistēs), have been attested since ancient times, it was Johann Gustav Droysen and related terms, e.g.Perdiccas came to terms with Perdiccas's murderers, making Peithon and Arrhidaeus regents in his place, but soon these came to a new agreement with Antipater at the Treaty of Triparadisus.Antipater was made regent of the Empire, and the two kings were moved to Macedon.