As our discussion of “slippery slopes” later explains, jurisdictions that start by restricting legalized euthanasia to its voluntary form find that it expands into the involuntary procedure, whether through legalizing the latter or because of abuse of the permitted procedure.
In the Netherlands, Belgium, and Lichtenstein, physicians are legally authorized, subject to certain conditions, to administer euthanasia.
The line of argument that connects this narrative and supports their rejection of euthanasia is the belief that intentionally inflicting death on another human being is inherently wrong.
Even if it were not, the risks and harms of legalizing euthanasia outweigh any benefits.
Written in a narrative style, it is intended to impart basic information and review foundational principles helpful in ethical decision-making in relation to end-of-life medical care.
Essays Competitive Forces - Essay Advantages And Disadvantages Of Euthanasia
The authors, a physician and an ethicist, provide complementary perspectives.It may be understandable that personal perspectives will vary on matters such as physician-assisted suicide (PAS) and euthanasia, particularly in our pluralistic societies.However, it is unacceptable that conversations of a professional nature would proceed in the absence of agreement on relevant first principles and without a shared knowledge base.Faculty of Law, Faculty of Medicine, and Centre for Medicine, Ethics and Law, Mc Gill University, Montreal, QC, Canada Abstract: The debate on legalizing euthanasia and assisted suicide has a broad range of participants including physicians, scholars in ethics and health law, politicians, and the general public.It is conflictual, and despite its importance, participants are often poorly informed or confused.We believe it would be a mistake to abandon the word, but we need to clarify it.The word’s etymology is straightforward: eu means good and Thanatos means death.It revealed a surprising lack of consensus among physicians regarding the difference between assisted suicide and euthanasia, as well as an appalling level of confusion about basic facts.Such a situation is disconcerting, given that good ethical decision-making requires “getting the facts straight” as an essential first step.We consider the effect of legalization on patients and their families, physicians (as individuals and a collectivity), hospitals, the law, and society at large.Our goal is to provide a vade mecum useful in end-of-life care and ethical decision-making in that context.