Emile Durkheim Thesis On Deviance

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In addition, Anomie defined as a breakdown of values, norms and values are convoluted, or not present at all (Durkheim’s Anomie).

Durkheim described Anomie as a condition where the norms of society no longer influence the individual.

Moreover, the word is hardly ever used in the scientific texts of the members of his school.

His faithful disciple and nephew Marcel Mauss in his two well-known texts of 19, “Social Cohesion in Polysegmentary Societies” (Mauss 1969a) and “Fragment of a Plan of General Descriptive Sociology” (Mauss 1969b), prefers to speak of “social cohesion” and not of “solidarity,” only briefly mentioning the two Durkheimian types of the latter in the second of these texts.

In a much more sophisticated way, this was also the premise of James Fallon (b.

1947), a neuroscientist at the University of California.In fact, for him, it serves as a synonym for the normal state of society, while absence of it is a deviation from that normal state, or social pathology. His first course of lectures at the University of Bordeaux, read in the years 1887–1888, was not by chance called “Social Solidarity,” while his doctoral thesis (1893) was devoted to the demonstration of the basic role of the division of labor in building, maintaining, and reinforcing social solidarity (Durkheim [1984] 1997).It is true that Durkheim gradually moved away from the word “solidarity,” probably due to its massive use outside social science and the thinker’s unwillingness to become a victim of the idols of the marketplace or those of the theatre.Within Organic Solidarity individuals experience a weaker bond within society, they experience a stronger sense of self but lack a connection with others (Palumbo et al, 2005).The Organic Society is less punitive, seeking restitution from individuals who violate laws or norms (Ritzer, p 196).Durkheim viewed social facts being outside of the individual but yet powerful in shaping the individual. Material social facts visible such as buildings, while nonmaterial social facts difficult to see but as a society we know they exist.The nonmaterial social facts are customs, cultures and norms for any given society (Ritzer, p 188).In this sense sociopathy would be the sociological disease ), yet many accounts of sociopaths describe them as being charming, attractively confident, and outgoing (Hare, 1999).In a modern society characterized by the predominance of secondary rather than primary relationships, the sociopath or psychopath functions, in popular culture at least, as a prime index of contemporary social unease.Psychopathy and sociopathy both refer to personality disorders that involve anti-social behaviour, diminished empathy, and lack of inhibitions.In clinical analysis, these analytical categories should be distinguished from psychosis, which is a condition involving a debilitating break with reality.


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