Democracy In Nepal Essay

Democracy In Nepal Essay-55
Again, turnout was high: roughly three-quarters of those eligible voted in local polls.

Again, turnout was high: roughly three-quarters of those eligible voted in local polls.

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But after the VIPs left, the monument did not open to the public as planned.

Like many state construction projects, it has faced repeated delays since it began in 2012, and workers are now completing finishing touches and removing scaffolding.

Many question whether central-level officials are genuinely committed to federalism.

Secularism, another hallmark of the new republic, has also had mixed results.

Because it failed to draft a new constitution in the allotted timeframe, a second Constituent Assembly was elected in 2013, this time with a record-breaking 78 percent turnout.

After this Constituent Assembly promulgated a new constitution in 2015 that reaffirmed secularism and federalism, elections were held in 2017 for central, provincial, and local offices under the new federal structure.During the constitution-drafting process, the Maoists and religious-minority activists pushed for ending Hinduism as the state religion.The Constitution of 2015 declared Nepal secular, but it defined this as “religious and cultural freedom, along with the protections of religion and custom practiced from ancient times,” implying special protections for Hinduism and Buddhism but not newer religions like Christianity.In Nepal, May 28 marks Republic Day, commemorating the date in 2008 when an elected Constituent Assembly brought an end to the country’s centuries-old monarchy and declared it a federal, democratic republic.This year, the president and a minister marked the holiday by inaugurating a new Republic Memorial at a park that was symbolically carved out of the old royal palace grounds, known as Narayanhiti, in central Kathmandu.This system has been criticized for tokenism because it allows the party leaders to overrule seat holders’ dissenting opinions.An affirmative-action system was created for the civil service, but the government has recently sought to roll it back.Federal governance was seen not only as a way to ensure greater local accountability for office holders, but also as way to give ethnic minorities control over government in local constituencies where they formed a majority of the population.The Constitution of 2015 met some, but not all, of these demands.Elections and Inclusive Representation In a basic sense, the new republic has been successful: elections have been mostly free and fair, with high voter turnout.The Constituent Assembly was formed to write a new constitution in 2008 after an election in which 60 percent of eligible adults participated.


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