Define Theistic Existentialism

Define Theistic Existentialism-47
Among the leading atheistic existentialist philosophers are Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre, and Camus.2.

Among the leading atheistic existentialist philosophers are Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre, and Camus.2.

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The emphasis of the existentialist is not on idea, but .

Existentialism accepts not only people’s power of thought, but their fallibility, frailty, body, etc. People are felt to find their true selves not in the detachment of thought but in the involvement and agony of choice and in the pathos of commitment to choice.: Existentialism holds that, since the Renaissance, people have slowly been separated from concrete earthly existence.

Should existentialism be dispatched to a museum along with bobby sox and the U-2 affair?

This view is inaccurate, I would contend: Existentialist thought has not so much blown away as decomposed in order to fertilize various fields of thought.

”); it is not properly an “ism” at all, at least in the sense that Catholicism or Communism is.

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Perhaps the best one can do is define the term ostensively: “Read Sartre and Kierkegaard and you’ll understand.” (This is admittedly unsatisfying, though, since we need a set of criteria to justify putting Sartre and Kierkegaard on the list and keeping others off.) What analytic philosophers call ostensive definition, a method, here becomes a clue to content; it recalls the watchword of phenomenology: “! ” To argue that existentialism’s death has been greatly exaggerated is to suggest that its presence is still discernible. Only the vaguest sketch of the movement can be offered here. Though the term is so broadly and loosely used that an exact definition is not possible, existentialists assume as a significant fact that people and things in general exist, but that things have no meaning for us except as individuals, through acting upon them, can create meaning.“In a universe that is suddenly deprived of illusions and of light, man feels a stranger. This divorce between man and his life, the actor and his stage, truly constitutes the feeling of Absurdity.”─ Albert Camus, (has being or essence), that every person’s experience of life is different from another’s, and that individuals’ lives can be understood only in terms of their commitment to living responsibly. ” with its suggestion of the uniqueness and mystery of each life and an emphasis upon the personal rather than the impersonal.To the existentialist, man is the centre of the universe, the centre of infinity, and from this view comes much of the rest of existentialism.**Therefore, for the existentialist, the possibilities of altering human nature and society are unlimited, but at the same time, individuals can hope for help in making such alterations only from within themselves.**: The absurd can occur only when two elements are present: our desire to explain “reality,” and the recognition that the world is not thus explicable, but that it exists without apparent justification, foundation or purpose.: Individuals who have grasped and accepted the fact that they are free, who have realised what their situation is, and who have, within that situation, chosen to engage themselves responsibly in the world around them so as to affirm their liberty.: Individuals are condemned, because they are free, to choose what they are going to be through their daily actions.The choice also implies the attitude of others and hence is another source of anguish.: Bad faith, or self-deception, is the attitude of those who seek to escape from the anguish and the nausea that inevitably follow the realisation that individuals are free and the world is ultimately absurd.: To be free is to recognise one’s complete independence; to make one’s own life through one’s own initiative; to reject any idea of absolute good or absolute evil and to accept no judge or mentor except one’s own conscience.Abraham thus becomes the paradigm of one who must make a harrowing choice, in this case between his love for his son and his love for God, between the universal law which states, “thou shalt not kill,” and the unique inner demand for his religious faith.Abraham’s decision, which violates the abstract and collective law of man, is not made in arrogance, but in “fear and trembling,” one of the inferences being that sometimes, one must take an exception to the general law because he is (existentially) an exception; an individual whose existence can never be completely controlled by any universal law.5.Existentialism unites reason with the irrational portions of the psyche, insisting that people must be taken in their wholeness and not in some divided state; that the whole of a person contains not only intellect, but also anxiety, guilt and the will to power, which can change and sometimes overwhelm reason.If humanity is seen in this light, we are very ambiguous and full of contradictions and tensions.Individuals have been forced to live at ever higher levels of abstraction, have been collectivised out of existence, and have driven God from the heavens, (or, what is the same thing to the existentialist), from the hearts of men.It is believed that individuals live in a fourfold condition of alienation: from God, from nature, from other people, and from our own “true” selves. At a time in our history when mankind’s command over the forces of nature seems to be unlimited, existentialism depicts human beings as weakened, ridden with nameless dread.4.

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