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Good critical thinking requires having a command of these standards.According to Paul and Elder (1997 ,2006), the ultimate goal is for the standards of reasoning to become infused in all thinking so as to become the guide to better and better reasoning.
Each is important in its own right but the order is also important.
Here they are: – this is the most basic standard; it’s a gateway to other standards.
For instance, lung cancer may have multiple causes (all of which are relevant) but smoking is probably the cause that is most significant.
All of this may seem like “structured common sense” and in a way it is.
The nonprofit Foundation for Critical Thinking cultivates core intellectual virtues that lead to fair-minded thinking.
Critical thinking skills don’t fully develop until adolescence, but the foundations for good thinking develop in younger children.
The coin toss experiment that proves that criticism is more effective than praise is a good example.
Key questions: – a statement may be all of the above but not significant. You may find that multiple factors are relevant but only one or two are significant.
Politicians do this regularly, presenting only the conservative or only the liberal point of view.
At the same time, we may be narrow in our own thinking.