Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past 2,500 years.
The term "critical thinking" has its roots in the mid-late 20th century.
In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness.
It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference.
It also generally requires ability to recognize problems, to find workable means for meeting those problems, to gather and marshal pertinent information, to recognize unstated assumptions and values, to comprehend and use language with accuracy, clarity, and discrimination, to interpret data, to appraise evidence and evaluate arguments, to recognize the existence (or non-existence) of logical relationships between propositions, to draw warranted conclusions and generalizations, to put to test the conclusions and generalizations at which one arrives, to reconstruct one's patterns of beliefs on the basis of wider experience, and to render accurate judgments about specific things and qualities in everyday life.
Sandi Thorson not only works as a registered nurse on 12-hour shifts, but this South Dakota woman is a wife, mom, grandmother, and a student earning her Master's of Nursing Administration. Sometimes, I feel I am just lucky to get the things done that I need to,” she says.She'll come looking for them, and I'll deny that I've seen them.Eventually, we'll tell her what's going on.” Everybody gets to have a little fun, and nobody is hurt, Thorson says, but everyone is still able to complete their tasks.For this reason, the development of critical thinking skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor.They work diligently to develop the intellectual virtues of intellectual integrity, intellectual humility, intellectual civility, intellectual empathy, intellectual sense of justice and confidence in reason.In a seminal study on critical thinking and education in 1941, Edward Glaser defines critical thinking as follows “The ability to think critically, as conceived in this volume, involves three things: ( 1 ) an attitude of being disposed to consider in a thoughtful way the problems and subjects that come within the range of one's experiences, (2) knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and reasoning, and (3) some skill in applying those methods.Critical thinking calls for a persistent effort to examine any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the evidence that supports it and the further conclusions to which it tends.Time management remains an important skill she tries to perfect every day. So, I try to stay on top of things and not get to where I'm feeling behind.” Developing organizational skills and patience and utilizing well-needed short breaks can eliminate many of the normal stressors that others might not be able to overcome.This allows a nurse to flourish in all the tasks that get piled up during a shift.“I like to have fun; I will try and get the team involved,” Thorson says.“Sometimes, I'll take things from the housekeeper’s cart and hide them.