Charles Drew Thesis

Charles Drew Thesis-75
This revelation became the basis of the doctorate thesis he wrote in 1939 while Europe was sliding into war and America was two years away from joining it. Drew’s innovation was put to use in 1940 as World War II rampaged through Europe.In combat situations, plasma is used as transfusion support to treat shock and replace lost fluids, and Drew’s expertise made him the perfect leader of Blood for Britain, the world’s first large-scale blood drive and a relief effort run by the American Red Cross to collect plasma in the US and ship it to Britain to aid injured British soldiers.Francis Fellowship, based on a competitive examination given annually to the top five students in the graduating class. Drew began postgraduate work and earned his Doctor of Science in Surgery degree at Columbia University. Charles Drew did not make much money but he was a generous man. Drew made what he considered his greatest contribution to medicine: teaching and helping to certify hundreds of Black surgeons.

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His research served as the basis of his doctorate thesis, “Banked Blood,” and he received his doctorate degree in 1940.

Drew became the first African-American to earn this degree from Columbia.

The oldest son of a carpet layer and a teacher, Charles Drew grew up in Washington D. His athletic talents won him a scholarship at Amherst College, where he graduated in 1926.

He dreamed of becoming a doctor and worked as a coach and biology instructor at Morgan University in Baltimore to raise money for medical school after finishing college.

Plasma lasts much longer than whole blood, making it possible to be stored or “banked” for longer periods of time.

He discovered that the plasma could be dried and then reconstituted when needed, according to the website.This revolutionary discovery created a product that could be stored for two months instead of the one week that whole blood remained viable at the time, and would prove life-saving during the impending war. Drew was ineligible to donate blood, even after he became manager of Presbyterian Hospital’s blood supply and later, managed America’s Blood for Britain program.The racial obstacles he faced led him to carve out another legacy for himself – a racial one – and as the first African-American to become a member of the American Board of Surgery, he became outspoken about the racial practices common in medicine at the time.As you know, there is no scientific basis for the separation of the bloods of different races except on the basis of the individual blood types or groups.” Drew spent the rest of his career as a professor at Howard and the chief of surgery at its Freedmen’s Hospital, training and mentoring African-American surgeons, petitioning medical organizations for equal admission regardless of race, and speaking out against the Red Cross’ discriminatory donation practices.He was awarded the NAACP’s esteemed Spingarn Medal in 1944 for “the highest and noblest achievement in the preceding year or years” for his plasma collection and distribution efforts. Charles Drew succumbed to his injuries following a car accident in 1950, the same year the American Red Cross ended its policy to segregate blood. In 1926 he graduated from Amherst College in Massachusetts, where his athletic prowess in track and football earned him the Mossman trophy as the man who contributed most to athletics for four years. Drew taught biology and served as coach at Morgan State College in Baltimore before entering Mc Gill University School of Medicine. His first appointment at Howard University was as faculty instructor in pathology from 1935-36, and later as an instructor in surgery and an assistant at Freedmen's Hospital, a federally operated facility associated with Howard.As a medical student, he became an Alpha Omega Alpha Scholar and won the J. Awarded a two-year Rockefeller Fellowship in surgery in 1938, Dr. Charles Drew received a Rockefeller Fellowship to study at Columbia University and train at the Presbyterian Hospital in New York City.There, Drew developed a method for processing and preserving blood plasma, or blood without cells.Drew was selected to become full-time Medical Director of the Blood for Britain Project. Andrews Clinical Association in Tuskegee, Alabama, when he was killed in a one-car accident. In February 1941, he was appointed Director of the first American Red Cross Blood Bank in charge of blood for use by the U. The automobile struck the soft shoulder of the road and overturned. Drew, who was severely injured, was rushed to a nearby hospital in Burlington, North Carolina.


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