Asch Cognition Essay In Legacy Psychology Social Solomon

He created seminal pieces of work in impression formation, prestige suggestion, conformity, and many other topics in social psychology.His work follows a common theme of Gestalt psychology that the whole is not only greater than the sum of its parts, but the nature of the whole fundamentally alters the parts.Thus, if another characteristic in this list was changed between two subjects, such as manipulating the words "polite" and "blunt", instead of the words "warm" and "cold", it would not affect the impression of the person as much as did "warm" and "cold".

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Asch went on to pursue his graduate degree at Columbia University. Peter Asch became a Professor of Economics at Rutgers University, married Ruth Zindler and had two sons, Eric and David.

He initially was interested in anthropology, not in social psychology. Asch was exposed to Gestalt psychology through Gardner Murphy, then a young faculty member at Columbia. Peter died of heart failure at age 52 (predeceasing both parents and his wife.) Asch began his teaching career at Brooklyn College. Prentice, and Hans Wallach were faculty members at that time as well.

They lived on the Lower East Side of New York, a dense area of many Jewish, Italian and Irish immigrants. Asch was shy when he moved to the United States and did not speak English fluently due to being brought up in Poland. He became interested in psychology towards the end of his undergraduate career after reading the work of William James and a few philosophers.

In 1928, when he was 21 years old, he received his Bachelor of Science.

In general, the "A" impressions were far more positive than the "B" impressions.

Based on the results of the written descriptions of the hypothetical person, the meaning of the other characteristics in the list seemed to change, related to whether the hypothetical person was described as a "warm" or "cold" person. Words such as "honest", "strong", "serious", and "reliable" were not affected.

A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Asch as the 41st most cited psychologist of the 20th century.

Asch was born in Warsaw, Poland, on September 14, 1907 to a Polish-Jewish family.

The meaning of the other words in this list also change in the majority of subjects between list A and list B.

Words such as "impulsive" and "critical" take on a positive meaning with A, but a negative meaning with B.

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