Acting (making) thus goes hand in hand with reflection in design processes.In contrast to many other fields, studying design is always linked to practicing design – designing cannot be learned from books and without applied practice.Glanville (1998) even holds that scientific research is a restricted form of designing.
Acting (making) thus goes hand in hand with reflection in design processes.In contrast to many other fields, studying design is always linked to practicing design – designing cannot be learned from books and without applied practice.Glanville (1998) even holds that scientific research is a restricted form of designing.Tags: Ent Uk Medical Student EssayAbout How Many Pages Is 3000 Word EssayArt College Admissions EssayThe Tragedy Of Julius Caesar Tragic Hero EssayEducation City Login HomeworkKeynes Essays In BiographyLife In 999 A Grim Struggle EssaySolving Systems Word ProblemsDead Poets Society Essay
These efforts have been developed to a large extent in the context of the Design Research Society and its Special Interest Group on Experiential Knowledge (EKSIG).
In addition to this, action research as well as design-based approaches are also discussed in fields such as management and business, which, like design-based fields, are strongly practice-oriented (Fendt and Kaminska-Labbe 2011).
Laurel (2003) emphasizes the synergy of both domains, while Downton (2003) argues that design can be a form of research and refers to the descriptions put forward by Archer (1981) and Frayling (1993) of three areas of investigation: “research for design”, “research about design” and “research through design”.
In Downton’s (2003) view, the process of designing can be regarded as form of investigation that produces individual knowing as well as shareable knowledge and thus qualifies as research.
This iterative research process is primarily qualitative in nature, with both research questions and the type of collected data subject to changes from one software implementation to the next.
Moreover, the nature of results in this type of design-based research process is open-ended, as design processes cannot easily be predicted.
This characteristic distinguishes departments of architecture or product design from other departments within universities, and has been a constant source of debate as to whether these fields can be considered properly “academic”.
Among designers working academically, this generates challenging questions regarding the validity of their methods of inquiry in the wider academic context.
The testing and further development of the initial CA model required applied design, which in the context of the study was understood as the process of developing software implementations based on initial assumptions, and applying (testing) them in architectural design processes.
Results from five successive software implementations were used throughout the study to inform further developments of the initially proposed CA model as well as subsequent software implementations.