These are the conferences and publications that a few years down the line, set your c.v. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The paper abstract is highly formulaic. It needs to show the following: 1) big picture problem or topic widely debated in your field. Sentence 3: Your project fills this gap (“My paper addresses the issue of xx with special attention to xxx”).Sentence 4 (length here depends on your total word allowance, and more sentences may be possible): The specific material that you are examining–your data, your texts, etc.
( “Specifically, in my project, I will be looking at xxx and xxx, in order to show xxxx. History, it seems, has to attain a degree of scientificity, resident in the truth-value of its narrative, before it can be called history, as distinguished from the purely literary or political [Sentence 1–Big problem].
I will discuss xx and xx, and juxtapose them against xx and xx, in order to reveal the previously misunderstood connections between xx and xx.”) Sentence 5: Your main argument and contribution, concisely and clearly stated. (“In conclusion, this project, by closely examining xxxxx, sheds new light on the neglected/little recognized/rarely acknowledged issue of xxxxx. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Start by writing out your own version of the sentences above, succinctly if you can, but without stressing about your word limit too much. One of the key points of the paper abstract is that it is very short, and every word must count. Remove wordy phrases like, “it can be argued that,” “Is is commonly acknowledged that,” “I wish to propose the argument that”—these are all empty filler. If you are wondering—how do I make an argument when I haven’t written the paper yet? Come up with a plausible, reasonable argument for the purposes of the abstract. Access to marriage or marriage-like institutions, and the recognition of lesbian and gay familial lives more generally, has become central to lesbian and gay equality struggles in recent years [Sentence 1–Big problem]. This paper considers what utopian fiction has to offer by way of alternatives to this drive for ever more regulation of the family [Sentence 3–Her project fills the gap]. Invoking the work of Jacques Rancière and Hayden White, this essay investigates the manner in which history becomes a science through a detour that gives speech a regime of truth [Sentence 2–Literature, no gap mentioned].
After you get the details down, all that's left is to format it correctly.
Since an abstract is only a summary of the work you've already done, it's easy to accomplish!
That is, it describes the topic of research and its findings but usually doesn’t give specific information about methods and results.
These abstracts may also be seen in review articles or conference proceedings.
Don’t be surprised if you find that they also happen to have some of the best abstracts you’ve seen!
This article was co-authored by Megan Morgan, Ph D.
A strong abstract touches on all the sections in the proposal, including the introduction, where you should give some information about the issue and why you chose it.
While you do not want to go into detail about the problem, you need to state what issue your project will address, such as the high dropout rate for sophomores at a college.